Melasma is a very common skin problem which causes unwanted skin pigmentation. This condition, so common for moms-to-be that it is also known as “the mask of pregnancy”, causes brown and greyish-brown patches to form on the face, especially cheeks, nose, and forehead. It can also form on the neck, chest, and arms.
What is Melasma?
Due to its hormonal causes, Melasma is far more common in women than men. It is also more common in those with brown skin that tans well, rather than those with fair or black skin. There is a genetic predisposition to Melasma.
There are three different types of Melasma, and they are dependent on the depth of the pigment. The three types are:
Diagnosis of Melasma is pretty easy due to the outward manifestation of the condition, however Melasma can be confused with other skin pigmentation disorders such as postinflammatory pigmentation, drug-induced pigmentation, or lentigo. If there is confusion, a skin biopsy will be taken in order to diagnose the condition.
What causes melasma?
Melasma is related to hormonal changes, such as those experienced during pregnancy. It might also form if you’re taking birth control pills or having hormone replacement therapy, or are suffering from hormonal imbalance. These factors mean that women are far more likely than men to develop melasma.
However, sun damage is shown to be the most common cause of Melasma. Although it is harmless, melasma can cause embarrassment and lack of self confidence. Fortunately, melasma can be minimized or treated.
How can melasma be treated?
Melasma may fade on its own if the trigger is removed, for example if caused by pregnancy, the melasma fades after giving birth. However, other cases are long lasting and more severe, especially if the condition is dermal Melasma.
Severe cases of melasma should be treated by your dermatologist, who may recommend chemical peels with glycolic acid or laser treatments if topical creams have no effect.
Topical creams for melasma:
Chemical peels are effective when it comes to minimizing the appearance of Melasma. At Fairview Cosmetic Surgery, we provide a variety of chemical peels, including several that reduce skin pigmentation.
Please, consult with our team today to learn which peel may be right for you!
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