Acne & Acne Scars

What It Is

Acne is a common inflammatory skin condition that causes blemishes and pimples, which most commonly occur on the face, neck, back, shoulders, and upper arms. These breakouts occur when sebum, which is produced by the sebaceous glands, clog the hair follicles in the skin. Consequently, the clogged pores result in swollen inflammations in the form of pimples. Acne can come in many forms including whiteheads, blackheads, cysts, and nodules. It is most common in teenagers as the sebaceous glands are the most active during puberty, however adult acneaccounts for many cases as well. Cases tend to be more severe in those with oily skin types, however can affect almost anyone. Although it is not a dangerous condition, acnecan leave behind skin scars and can be an embarrassing condition for many.

Acne scars are often the byproduct of inflamed blemishes and can come in a variety of forms. They can happen if blemished are picked at or popped, which can further damage the skin and leave scarring. However, scars can still develop regardless of how careful one is with their skin. Inflamed blemishes and cystic breakouts are the most likely to scar, however for some, even minor breakouts can lead to scarring.

  • Post Inflammatory Pigmentation is very common and appear as dark, flat spots on the skin. They are usually brown, red, or purple. These scars can take a very long time to disappear on their own.

  • Pitted, Depressed, or Atrophic Scars sit below the surface of the surrounding skin and are most common on the face. This type of scarring occurs during the skin’s healing process when there is a loss of tissue and a lack of collagen production.

  • Hypertrophic, Keloid, or Raised Scars occur when the body produces too much collagen during the healing process, which result in a raised appearance on the surface of the skin. This type of scarring is the most common with back and chest acne.

How It’s Treated

Laser Treatments

  • Smoothbeam Laser – The Smoothbeam Laser is a non-invasive rejuvenation laser that works to stimulate the body’s natural production of collagen in the skin. Using laser light technology to create heat underneath the surface of the skin, it can reduce active acne breakouts and promote collagen production to reduce the appearance of pitted scars.

  • CO2 Laser – The CO2 laser works by creating tiny, microscopic holes in the deepest layers of the skin. This process promotes the healthy production of collagen in the skin to smooth out the appearance of acne scars.

  • Fractionated Laser – The Fractionated Laser is one of the only lasers that has a minimal downtime associated with it. It works to stimulate the production of new collagen by rebuilding your skin deep in the pores.

  • VBeam Laser – The VBeam Laser is effective in combating the red pigmentation left behind from post inflammatory pigmentation. This laser specifically targets red pigmentation on the skin and can also be used to treat small red capillaries and red vessels on the skin.

Non-Laser Treatments

  • Blue & Red Light Treatment – A combination of blue and red lights are used in the treatment of mild to moderate acne. While the blue light spectrum works to kill bacteria in the pores that cause breakouts and inflammation, the red light spectrum helps reduce inflammation associated with acne flare ups.

  • TCA Peel – Trichloroacetic Acid is a medium strength chemical agent applied to the face or hands to exfoliate and renew the skin in the treated area. TCA works well for treating darker skin types and has the ability to remove superficial blemishes, correct pigmentation, and smooth out fine lines and wrinkles.

  • ALA Photodynamic Therapy – Topical aminolevulinic acid a photosensitizing agent is applied and allowed to incubate on the skin. The incubation time allows the photosensitizing agent to be absorbed into the skin and into the sebaceous glands. Next, the patient is placed under red or blue light for 15-20 minutes. This light activates the photosensitizing agent, which kills acne bacteria and helps shrink oil glands.

At the Fairview laser Clinic, Dr. Jain offers non-laser treatments for acne and acne scarring. Depending on the patient and their condition, a non-laser treatment alone may be the more appropriate treatment for their acne and acne scarring case. In others, the non-laser treatment can be combined with a laser treatment to achieve the most effective results. During your private consultation, Dr. Jain will assess your unique condition and recommend the most effective treatment for your specific needs and requirements.