What Is Acne? Acne is one of the most common skin conditions affecting millions of people in North America alone. They often show up as a breakout of pimples on the face, but it can also occur on the chest, back, shoulders, and neck. Acne occurs when your pores get clogged with oil, bacteria, and dead skin cells. Although acne tends to affect teenagers going through puberty, it is very common in adults as well. While a breakout on the chest or back can be easily covered with clothing, it can be more difficult to cover the texture of blemishes and pimples on the face. They can also be tender to the touch and even painful, depending on how severe the breakout is. Acne can sometimes make you feel self-conscious about your appearance and lower your confidence. Luckily, there are…


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After a acne breakout, acne scars are often the byproduct. If blemishes are popped or picked at, it can lead to additional damage on the skin and thus, leave a scar as a result. Unfortunately, acne scars can still develop regardless of how careful you may be with handling your skin. Cystic breakouts, as well as inflamed blemishes, are the most likely to leave a scar behind, although for some skin tones, even small breakouts can lead to scaring. Acne scars can come in a variety of forms: Post Inflammatory Pigmentation: This flat discolouration is very common and usually appears as brown, purple, or red spots on the skin. These scars can take a long time to disappear on its own. Pitted, Depressed, or Atrophic Scars: These scars are indented below the rest of the surrounding skin and appear most…


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What Are Spider Veins? Spider veins are a form of superficial veins that look like a spider web underneath the surface of the skin. Unlike varicose veins that become swollen and protrude outward, spider veins do not protrude and usually do not cause any discomfort or pain. However, many people are self conscious about their appearance and seek remedies to get rid of the uneven colour and pigmentation. Spider veins most commonly occur on the legs, but can also appear on the hands and face. They are also incredibly common, affecting many adults and tends to impact women more often than men.   What Causes Spider Veins? Before we start discussing treatment options, it is important to understand the causes of spider veins. Spider veins usually occur when the pressure in your veins increase. There are a variety of factors…


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What are keloids? Keloids are raised buildups of scar tissue on the surface of the skin. They usually occur where the skin heals after an injury, such as after a burn, wound, puncture, or blemish. They can sometimes grow to be much larger than the injury that caused the scar in the first place. For some individuals, this scar tissue is darker and more pronounced than the surrounding areas of skin. They can form anywhere on the body including the neck, back, shoulders, ears, and chest. Keloids can be the result of anything that can lead to a scar. This includes a variety of injuries, such as being cut, burned, or having severe acne. They can also develop after you have surgery, tattoos, or a piercing. Keloids tend to appear and grow slowly, sometimes taking 3 months or more before…


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Technically speaking, freckles are pigmented sun spots caused by sun exposure. Not everyone likes their freckles and they may try to cover them with up with makeup (to no avail) or they may try DIY freckle treatment after DIY freckle treatment, often with limited results. Why You Should Avoid DIY Freckle Treatment First of all, there are a lot of myths when it comes to DIY freckle treatments, particularly that there are household products, creams and serums that will effectively get rid of freckles. A common DIY treatment for freckles, for example, is lemon juice. However, its effectiveness is largely a myth, as it merely lightens the skin temporarily. You would also have to do it every day, which can take up a lot of time. This is the case for all other types of household products as well. There…


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Skin tags are small, skin-coloured growths (tumours) that hang off the skin. However, they are benign. They vary in size and colour and are typically between 2 and 5 millimetres, but larger ones can also occur. They are commonly found in the skin folds, such as on the neck, armpits, near the groin or under the breasts, but they can also occur on the face, primarily on the eyelids. They are very common in both men and women alike. Are Skin Tags More Common During Pregnancy? Skin tags are composed of loose collagen fibers (a protein) and blood vessels. Their cause is not well understood, but it is thought that there are several different factors that can make them more likely to occur. For example, there is a correlation between skin tags and obesity, type 2 diabetes, aging and hereditary…


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Rosacea is a very common skin condition that results in a red face, particularly on the central face and across the cheeks, nose and forehead. Other common symptoms of rosacea include visible blood vessels and acne-like breakouts. There is no cure for rosacea — it is all about managing the symptoms. There are certain triggers that can cause rosacea to flare. Some of these triggers include certain activities (exercise and saunas), weather conditions (hot and cold weather), emotions (stress and anxiety) as well as a certain skin products, medications and health conditions. Diet also plays an important role in the management of rosacea, with many different foods and drinks known to be common triggers. Note that not everyone has the same triggers, but taking steps to avoid them where appropriate (the exception being exercise), plays an important role in managing…


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Dealing with acne is never easy, especially when it is chronic. If you have had little success with treating your acne in the past, you may (or may not have) considered chemical peels as a potential solution. Here is everything you need to know about whether or not a chemical peel can clear acne. Can A Chemical Peel Clear Acne? First and foremost, there are a lot of chemical peel treatments of varying strengths to choose from, all of which are designed to treat a wide range of skin issues, from aging to hyperpigmentation. When it comes to whether or not chemical peels can clear acne, the answer is absolutely yes. In fact, it is a highly effective way to do so. The great thing about chemical peels is that even a medium-strength chemical peel can deliver permanent results. As…


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The most common symptom of rosacea is a red face, but this chronic disorder can also affect the skin on a person’s scalp, ears, neck, and chest. Rosacea often runs in a cycle with regular flare-ups followed by periods of remission. Rosacea is considered to be incurable, but there are preventative measures that can be taken to prevent future flare-ups from occurring. If you’re struggling with the symptoms of rosacea, then avoid the following common rosacea triggers to minimize its effects. Beware Of The Weather Exposure to the sun and its ultraviolet (UV) rays is the most common trigger for rosacea flare-ups. If you want to get outside, make sure to protect yourself with a sunblock of 30 SPF or higher to prevent rosacea symptoms. But the sun isn’t the only weather threat you need to be aware of. You…


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Botox injections have increased in popularity since their introduction to the general public. Considering the results that users see, it’s no surprise they have become the ideal choice for individuals looking to improve their natural appearance and reduce common signs of aging. If you’re considering Botox injections, the following offers a quick guide to help you know what to expect after the procedure has been completed. Results May Take Time To Appear It often takes time for the changes in your appearance to become noticeable after undergoing Botox injection treatments. But once a full week has passed, you’ll begin to see the results of your treatment. The area where Botox was administered will feel and look smoother, tighter, and more refreshed. Your doctor can help you determine how long you should expect before achieving the results you’re after. The Healing…


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It takes more than a simple wash to make your skin look healthy. There are a variety of treatments on the market today that enhance the condition of your skin while giving it the smooth, clear, and radiant appearance that you’ve always wanted. Chemical peels and microdermabrasion are two popular therapies that can improve the appearance of your skin. Understanding these treatments along with their similarities and differences will help you achieve better results from your skincare regimen. What Are Chemical Peel Treatments? Chemical peel treatments help to smooth out rough and dry skin. It can soften deep wrinkles, reduce fine lines, and improve the appearance of skin damaged by the sun or acne scars. Undergoing a series of chemical peel treatments can help to balance the pigmentation of the skin. Before treatment begins, the skin is thoroughly cleansed to…


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For those who suffer from regular acne breakouts, it can seem like the battle to keep them under control never ends. You want to put your best face forward, but your acne can cause you to feel self-conscious around others. If you’re looking for effective solutions for preventing future acne breakouts, then the following are a few tips you can begin to use today. Wash Your Face Daily At the end of the day, you probably just want to fall into bed. But it’s important to take the time to wash your face thoroughly before going to sleep. When you wash your face, you remove dead skin cells, oil buildup, and other impurities that can clog pores and lead to acne breakouts. Washing your face gently at least twice a day with warm water and a mild facial cleanser will…


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Botox injections are used to reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles on the face. Despite it being a common procedure, many people have questions about what exactly Botox is and how it works. Below, you’ll find common questions and answers to everything related to Botox treatment. What is Botox? Botox is a cosmetic treatment done to improve the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines (crow’s feet, frown lines) around the mouth, forehead and between the eyebrows. Botox is administered via injections and is made up of small amounts of botulinum toxin protein. The toxin has been purified and refined in order to make it safe for use. Botox corrects the repeated muscle contractions caused by frowning and squinting. When administered, Botox injections temporarily reduce muscle activity, smoothing out fine lines and wrinkles. Do Botox injections hurt? Usually, they…


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With summer on its way, preparing your skin is a must. Spring provides the perfect opportunity to reverse the harsh effects winter has on our skin. There are various treatments you can undergo to restore your skin and even get a youthful glow. The following treatments are effective, safe and will give you fresh, summer-ready skin. Chemical peel treatments Chemical peels are done to improve the texture of our skin. These treatments involve removing the outermost layers of skin to reveal the fresh, smoother layers underneath. After undergoing this process, the old skin peels off, the skin underneath heals and new tissues are regenerated, resulting in youthful-looking skin. Chemical peel treatments can reduce the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines, rejuvenating our skin. There are different types of chemical peel treatments available, such as: AFA Clay Peel – uses acidified…


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Cystic acne is the most severe form of acne. It generally affects men more than women and most people develop it in their teens. However, it can start as young as eight years old or can even show up when you’re in your 50s. Cystic acne is more prevalent on the face, but it can occur on the chest, back, upper arms and shoulders. It is generally combatted with blue and red light therapy. What is cystic acne? When you have a breakout and a pimple forms it is due to your pores getting clogged with debris, dirt and dead skin cells. The pores can also trap in bacteria, which is what causes the area to become red and swollen. For most people, pimples are the worst of it and simple over-the-counter acne medication is enough to treat breakouts. However,…


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Sweat is how our body cools down. When we exercise, eat spicy food or go outside on a hot day, it’s normal to sweat. However, some people find themselves perspiring all the time. Excessive sweating treatment does exist but first let’s explore the major causes of extreme perspiration. Hyperhidrosis This is a condition in which the nerves in charge of triggering the sweat glands become overactive, causing excessive sweating. When you suffer from hyperhidrosis you will sweat through your clothing and perspire so much that it even drips off your hands. Besides inordinate amounts of perspiration people who are plagued by hyperhidrosis sometimes have chills, chest pain, nausea and lightheadedness. Hyperthyroidism When there are too many thyroid hormones moving throughout the body it causes a condition known as hyperthyroidism. Because of the excess of thyroid hormones, the body tries to…


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Everyone will get a skin tag over the course of their life. If you notice one, do not worry. Skin tags are nothing to fret over. Below, you’ll get everything you need to know about skin tags and skin tag removal. What are skin tags? Acrochordons, a.k.a., skin tags, are small bits of hanging skin about two millimetres to one centimetre in diameter (about the size of a grain of rice). It is rare that a skin tag exceeds that range; however, there are some reported that reach up to five centimetres. Skin tags are caused when the skin rubs against itself in areas like the eyelids, armpits, groin folds, neck and under the breasts. You can have one or many skin tags at a time. Who can get skin tags? Skin tags affect men and women equally and as…


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If you suffer from migraines, you will often find yourself in debilitating pain that affects your quality of life. Although some prescription medications can provide temporary relief, migraines won’t disappear. Most people who suffer from migraines find themselves with an enfeebling headache at least every seven to eight days. That means that you’ll be using prescription medication about four times per month to simply mask the symptoms that are bound to return anyway. Botox injections are now being used to give migraine sufferers a reprieve from these crippling headaches. What are Botox injections? Clostridium botulinum is a bacteria that, when turned into Botox and injected directly into your body, can treat everything from wrinkles to overactive bladders, neck and eye spasms and headaches. Botox blocks certain chemical signals from your nerves that lead to temporary muscle paralysis. When your muscles…


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Chemical peel treatments are done to resurface the skin by removing the superficial layers resulting in the promotion and growth of new, healthy skin. Chemical peels improve the skin’s appearance by reducing fine lines and wrinkles, dark spots, sun damage and uneven texture. If you’re about to undergo a chemical peel treatment, your doctor will provide a list of what not to do, which you must follow because your skin will be incredibly red and sensitive. If you avoid any of the aftercare instructions provided by your doctor you run the risk of reversing the affects of your treatment. Here’s what your doctor will tell you not to do after a chemical peel: Don’t pick at your skin Because of the techniques used in chemical peel treatments, your skin will be left red and raw immediately afterwards. Do not pick…


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Blue and red light therapy (also known simply as light therapy), is a technique used to treat and remove bacteria from the skin. Because light therapy can penetrate deep beneath the skin’s surface it can reduce inflammation, improve healing and cure certain skin conditions, like the 12 listed below: Cystic Acne This is one of the most common skin conditions in the world. Light therapy is able to treat cystic acne by destroying the bacteria that causes it. However, blue and red light therapy are not used to treat hormonal acne, only cystic acne. Studies are currently being conducted to see if light therapy can also destroy acne caused by hormonal imbalances. Blackheads These small unsightly bumps are caused by blocked hair follicles. Blue and red light therapy can help unclog our hair follicles and reduce the appearance of blackheads.…


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We wear our age on our faces. If we don’t take care of our skin it will become dull and make us look much older than we are. To give your skin a boost, here are six nightly routines that can help rejuvenate your face: Remove your makeup Before you wash your face, use a high-quality makeup remover to clear away your makeup. Any residue that the makeup remover misses, your face wash will take care of. There are different products available that remove makeup such as toners, micellar water and special scrubs. You may have to try different brands to see which one works best for your skin. Wash your face Wet your face with warm water, then, with a cleanser that is specifically designed for the face and neck, gently massage the product into your skin. When you’re…


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A chemical peel can improve the appearance of the skin, face, neck and even hands. It’s one of the best exfoliating techniques available and will leave you with fresher, more youthful looking skin. A chemical peel is comprised of a safe chemical solution that when applied to the skin allows old skin to peel off and new regenerated skin to emerge. If you’re thinking of getting a chemical peel, there are six things you need to know: How do they help? Chemical peels are incredibly effective at treating everything from acne scars to aging skin that needs a boost. If you have crow’s feet, wrinkles or sun damaged skin, a chemical peel can prove helpful by deeply exfoliating your skin, allowing new skin to emerge. Additionally, chemical peels can also treat sagging skin by promoting skin elasticity. How many types…


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For many people, the signs of aging are the most prominent on our faces. Besides cosmetic surgery, getting rid of wrinkles, fine lines and restoring that youthful glow can be done with Radiesse treatment. What is Radiesse? Radiesse is an injectable filler used to plump and smooth out the skin. It is injected with a small needle and placed under your skin to create smoother contours and add volume, making you look younger. Radiesse helps stimulate your body’s natural collagen production. Collagen is a naturally-occurring protein that holds our bodies together. As we age, collagen production slows down but treatments such as Radiesse can give it a boost. What are the benefits of Radiesse treatment? A long-lasting solution: Radiesse treatment boasts many benefits but its ability to last for up to a year, and in some cases longer, is truly…


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Botox is an injectable cosmetic procedure that is used to treat wrinkles by temporarily paralyzing the muscles. When our muscles are numbed, nerve impulses are blocked. In order to wrinkle, our skin needs the underlying muscles to contract. When our muscles can’t contract, we are left with wrinkle-free skin. The effects of Botox can last anywhere from three to six months, making it an ideal procedure to combat the signs of aging. Most cosmetic surgeons will not treat anyone who is younger than 18 but, in terms of age limitations, if you are in good health, you can undergo Botox injections well into your 80s. Botox for preventative purposes When Botox first became available for cosmetic purposes, it was generally reserved for older people. Nowadays, many people in their 20s are using Botox as a preventative measure to stop (or…


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Many people are discouraged as the first signs of aging crop up. However, there are treatments out there specifically designed to target the visible signs of aging, making your skin look refreshed and improving your self-confidence. These are the top treatments used to combat the signs of aging. Laser Skin Resurfacing In the past few years, laser skin resurfacing has become a popular way to fight the visible signs of aging. This treatment involves directing the short, concentrated beams of a special laser at skin irregularities and removing them layer by layer. Blemishes, wrinkles, acne scars, and more can all be removed through laser skin resurfacing, creating younger and more pleasing looking skin. IPL Photofacial Like laser skin resurfacing, IPL photofacial treatments target the signs of aging on the face like sun spots, blemishes and other discolourations. IPL stands for…


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Our skin is responsible for making us look great. As we age, our skin loses its elasticity and we get wrinkles. However, there are ways to restore your skin so you look younger and more rested without the need for plastic surgery. Here are five non-invasive treatments you can have done that will enhance your natural beauty. Chemical Peel Wrinkles, sun damage, spots, and other imperfections can show up on our skin as we get older. Chemical peels are non-invasive treatments that improve our skin’s tone and texture by removing wrinkles, lines and other damages. During a chemical peel, products are applied to the face which allow our old skin to peel off, revealing the gorgeous layer of skin underneath. Lip Enhancement We often neglect our lips when it comes to rejuvenation treatments. However, full lips are a major component…


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Having beautiful skin not only makes us look great, it makes us feel great too. If you’re unhappy with the way your skin looks there are simple things you can do to improve it. Follow these tips to have healthy, great looking skin throughout the new year. Avoid Sugar The more sugar in your diet, the worse your face will look. Foods that are high in sugar can add years to your face and wipe out your skin’s elasticity. Sugar is also bad for your teeth and your digestive system. If you find yourself craving sugar, try something that’s full of natural sweetness like fruits and vegetables. Stay Hydrated Water is one of the most important skin care ingredients there is. When your skin becomes dehydrated it can appear dull and flaky. If water isn’t your thing, try replacing one…


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Men and women alike want to look their best for special events, especially when they know they’re going to be photographed. Whether it’s your daughter’s wedding and you want to look incredible walking her down the aisle; your 20-year high school reunion and you want to be as fresh-faced as you were when you were head cheerleader; or you’re being honoured by your company for your many years of hard work, there are cosmetic treatments you can get for to look great at special events. Botox Botox is an anti-wrinkle treatment that temporarily paralyzes the facial muscles to limit their movement. By limiting movement, wrinkles (particularly those that are caused by repetitive facial movements), briefly disappear. Botox in an injectible and the process takes only a few minutes to complete. The effects of Botox can last anywhere from three to…


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Many of us are plagued with stretch marks. Whether they are from pregnancy, weight gain or other factors, stretch marks are unseemly. If you’ve recently undergone an outstanding weight loss, you’ll no doubt notice stretch marks more than ever. There are treatments available to deal with the appearance of stretch marks, but many wonder, are they permanent? In order to answer that question, you need to understand how stretch marks are formed. How do stretch marks come to be? Our skin is composed of three layers. The layer on the surface, the one which we see, is the epidermis. The layer beneath that, which is responsible for holding everything in its right place, is the dermis. When the dermis is stretched due to weight gain, puberty, pregnancy, etc., it can suffer from minor tears, causing the epidermis to become misshapen.…


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In the weeks after you’ve undergone an acne treatment, you’ll notice that your skin has become more radiant than ever. Pimples and blemishes will reduce and you’ll be positively glowing. However, that doesn’t mean you can sit back and relax. Acne treatments will reduce the amount of pimples and blemishes you get in the future (in some cases they prevent them completely, depending on your skin) but, you’ll still need to take care of your skin on a regular basis. Here are five ways to keep up that post-acne treatment glow. Up your Antioxidants Skin care products that are laden with antioxidants like vitamin C can help restore your skin, making it feel smoother and more balanced. Antioxidants also protect it from environmental factors like dust, grease and anything else that’s floating around that can harm your skin. Exfoliate with…


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Wrinkles are a pain. They make us appear older than we are and can be damaging to our self-esteem. Skin resurfacing treatments allow you to get back the youthful glow you once had and give your skin a tighter look and more even tone. If you’re thinking about booking an appointment for skin resurfacing or have already done so there are five things you should know. It is not a very painful procedure The sensation experienced during skin resurfacing is akin to a rubber band snapping against your wrist. It’s uncomfortable but it’s not unbearable. Depending on your tolerance for pain, you may not be bothered at all. You may receive local anesthetic injections or intravenous sedation to keep you comfortable if your treatments involve removing outer layers of skin. You may need multiple treatments We don’t all respond to…


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Hair loss is unfortunately quite common in men and it can affect women too. It can lead to self-esteem issues and prevent you from enjoying life. With laser hair restoration, you can combat hair loss and get your luscious mane back. How does laser hair restoration work? Hair growth occurs in three phases: the anagen phase (growing), the telogen phase (resting) and the catagen phase (shedding). When you experience hair loss, it’s generally due to dihydrotestosterone (DHT), a testosterone derivative found in the skin. With laser hair restoration, low level lasers are used to increase blood flow to the scalp and stimulate catagen and telogen follicles leading to the production of anagen hair. The photons of light produced by the low level laser keep the excessive buildup of DHT from impeding hair growth. How can I take care of my…


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It seems like there are new skincare fads popping up daily and the latest trend is hyaluronic acid. You may have heard about it but have found yourself unsure as to what it is and what it’s used for. Below you’ll find everything you need to know about hyaluronic acid. What is hyaluronic acid? Hyaluronic acid (HA) is a substance that occurs naturally in our bodies. It is found in its highest concentrations within the fluids in our joints and eyes. Also known as hyaluronan or hyaluronate, HA binds to water to lubricate the movable parts of the body and creates a moisturizing effect when used on the skin. What is it used for? HA is used as a lip filler in plastic surgery to create fuller, plumper and youthful looking lips. It is also used during eye surgeries such…


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For thousands of years clay has been used as part of beauty regimens around the world. If you haven’t incorporated clay into your skin cleansing routine, you’re missing out on its incredible benefits. Here are 10 of them: Unclogging pores Regardless of what type of skin you have, pores can become clogged. Clay has the ability to shrink pores and unclog them to prevent blemishes. Keeping sebum in check The sebaceous glands in our skin secrete an oily substance called sebum that keeps us lubricated. However, too much sebum causes acne, encourages bacteria production and can block hair follicles. Clay keeps the sebaceous glands from acting up. Drawing out toxins When you use clay on your skin, you’re helping with the promotion of oxygen and circulation. Clay bonds to the toxins in your skin and sucks them out, while releasing…


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As we age our hair becomes thinner and can fall out. This doesn’t happen to everyone and it is completely normal. However, some people experience hair loss before they hit their golden years. There are many factors that can cause our hair to become brittle or thin, stop growing or fall out, besides the usual culprits like male pattern baldness, hormones (especially during pregnancy) and heredity. Here are the most common: Stress: Whether it’s physical or emotional, stress can trigger hair loss. The body and the mind being under duress, can cause our hair to shed excessively. Life-altering events like divorce, car accidents and the illness of a loved one can make us lose our hair, but it will generally resolve itself once the stress subsides. Lack of protein: A diet that isn’t rich in protein can promote hair loss.…


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Varicose veins occur when the valves within the veins become weakened and cannot allow blood to flow properly. These type of veins appear enlarged, swollen and twisted, and can be blue or dark purple in colour. Varicose veins are usually not dangerous but in severe cases they can rupture and create ulcers. To prevent varicose veins there are certain foods you can eat, such as: Buckwheat Buckwheat is one of the better natural sources of flavonoid rutin, a glycoside that encourages vascular health. When we experience a lack of rutin in our diet, our veins have trouble working properly. Try eating buckwheat porridge for breakfast or use buckwheat flour to bake with. Buckwheat pasta is also available—an added bonus of buckwheat is that it is high in protein and contains eight essential amino acids. Beets Beets get their intense colouring…


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During your pregnancy, around the 25-week mark, you may have noticed the appearance of stretch marks. You probably figured that they would go away after you gave birth. After you’ve given birth and your stretch marks are still very prominent, you have options. You can undergo stretch mark treatment. What are stretch marks? Stretch marks occur when your skin is suddenly stretched due to weight gain, usually during pregnancy. They appear as long narrow streaks, stripes or lines and are often red or purple at their onset before fading to a white or silvery hue. After pregnancy stretch marks are usually visible on the tummy, thighs, hips, lower back and breasts. The marks themselves are caused when the middle layer of skin tears to support the new weight. Stretch marks are harmless, but they can be unsightly and cause you…


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